Auditing

Starting in OrientDB 2.1, the Auditing component is part of the Enterprise Edition. This page refers to the Auditing feature and how to work with it. The Studio web tool provides a GUI for Auditing that makes configuration easier. Look at the Auditing page in Studio.

By default all the auditing logs are saved as documents of class AuditingLog. If your account has enough privileges, you can directly query the auditing log. Example on retrieving the last 20 logs: select from AuditingLog order by @rid desc limit 20.

OrientDB 2.2 Starting in OrientDB 2.2, all auditing logs are now stored in the system database. The auditing log for each database is stored in a derived class of the AuditingLog class with this format: databaseNameOAuditingLog.

As an example, if you have a database called MyDB, then the class name will be MyDBOAuditingLog.

Using the previous example to retrieve the last 20 log entries for a specific database, do this from within the system database: select from MyDBOAuditingLog order by @rid desc limit 20

Security First

For security reasons, no roles should be able to access the AuditingLog records. For this reason before using Auditing assure to revoke any privilege on the AuditingLog cluster. You can do that from Studio, security panel, or via SQL by using the SQL REVOKE command. Here's an example of revoking any access to the writer and reader roles:

REVOKE ALL ON database.cluster.auditinglog FROM writer
REVOKE ALL ON database.cluster.auditinglog FROM reader

OrientDB 2.2 This is no longer required starting in 2.2, since all auditing logs are stored in the system database. No local database user has access to the auditing logs stored in the system database. To grant access, a system user must be created in the system database with the appropriate role and permissions.

Polymorphism

OrientDB schema is polymorphic (taken from the Object-Oriented paradigm). This means that if you have the class "Person" and the two classes "Employee" and "Provider" that extend "Person", all the auditing settings on "Person" will be inherited by "Employee" and "Provider" (if the checkbox "polymorphic" is enabled on class "Person").

This makes your life easier when you want to profile only certain classes. For example, you could create an abstract class "Profiled" and let all the classes you want to profile extend it. Starting from v2.1, OrientDB supports multiple inheritance, so it's not a problem extending more classes.

security.json Configuration

There are two parts to enabling and configuring the auditing component. Starting in OrientDB 2.2, there is a security.json configuration file that resides under the config folder. See the OrientDB Security Configuraton documentation for more details.

The "auditing" section of the security.json file must be enabled for auditing to work.

Note the additional "distributed" section of "auditing" for logging distributed node events.

auditing-config.json Configuration

To configure auditing of a database, create a JSON configuration file with the name auditing-config.json under the database folder. This is the syntax for configuration:

{
  "classes": {
    "<class-name>" : {
      "polymorphic": <true|false>,
      "onCreateEnabled": <true|false>, "onCreateMessage": "<message>",
      "onReadEnabled": <true|false>, "onReadMessage": "<message>",
      "onUpdateEnabled": <true|false>, "onUpdateMessage": "<message>",
      "onUpdateChanges": <true|false>,
      "onDeleteEnabled": <true|false>, "onDeleteMessage": "<message>"
    }
  },
  "commands": [
    {
      "regex": "<regexp to match>",
      "message": "<message>"
    }
  ],
  "schema": {
      "onCreateClassEnabled": <true|false>, "onCreateClassMessage": "<message>",
      "onDropClassEnabled": <true|false>, "onDropClassMessage": "<message>"
  }
}

"classes"

Where:

  • classes: contains the mapping per class. A wildcard * represents any class.
  • class-name: class name to configure.
  • polymorphic: If true, the auditing log also uses this class definition for all sub-classes. By default, the class definition is polymorphic.
  • onCreateEnabled: If true, enables auditing of record creation events. Default is false.
  • onCreateMessage: A custom message stored in the note field of the auditing record on create record events. It supports the dynamic binding of values, see "Customizing the Message", below.
  • onReadEnabled: If true, enables auditing of record reading events. Default is false.
  • onReadMessage: A custom message stored in the note field of the auditing record on read record events. It supports the dynamic binding of values, see "Customizing the Message", below.
  • onUpdateEnabled: If true, enables auditing of record updating events. Default is false.
  • onUpdateMessage: A custom message stored in the note field of the auditing record on update record events. It supports the dynamic binding of values, see "Customizing the Message", below.
  • onUpdateChanges: If true, records all the changed field values in the changes property. The default is true if onUpdateEnabled is true.
  • onDeleteEnabled: If true, enables auditing of delete record events. The default is false.
  • onDeleteMessage: A custom message stored in the note field of the auditing record on delete record events. It supports the dynamic binding of values, see "Customizing the Message", below.

Customing the Message

  • ${field.<field-name>}, to use the field value. Example: ${field.surname} to get the field "surname" from the current record in case of CRUD Auditing of classes.

Example to log all the delete operations (class="*"), and log all the CRUD operation on any vertex (class="V" and polymorphic:true):

{
  "classes": {
    "*" : {
      "onDeleteEnabled": true, "onDeleteMessage": "Deleted record of class ${[email protected]}"
    },
    "V" : {
      "polymorphic": true,
      "onCreateEnabled": true, "onCreateMessage": "Created vertex of class ${[email protected]}",
      "onReadEnabled": true, "onReadMessage": "Read vertex of class ${[email protected]}",
      "onUpdateEnabled": true, "onUpdateMessage": "Updated vertex of class ${[email protected]}",
      "onDeleteEnabled": true, "onDeleteMessage": "Deleted vertex of class ${[email protected]}"
    }
  }
}

"commands"

Where:

  • regexp: If a command is executed that matches the regular expression then the command is logged.
  • message: The optional message that's recorded when the command is logged. It supports the dynamic binding of values, see "Customizing the Message", below.

Customize the Message

  • The variable ${command} will be substituted in the specified message, if command auditing is enabled.

"schema"

Where:

  • onCreateClassEnabled: If true, enables auditing of class creation events. The default is false.
  • onCreateClassMessage: A custom message stored in the note field of the auditing record on class creation events. It supports the dynamic binding of values, look at Customize the message.
  • onDropClassEnabled: If true, enables auditing of class drop events. The default is false.
  • onDropClassMessage: A custom message stored in the note field of the auditing record on drop class events. It supports the dynamic binding of values, look at Customize the message.

Customing the Message

  • The variable ${class} will be substituted in the specified message, if create class or drop class auditing is enabled.

Log record structure

Auditing Log records have the following structure:

Field Type Description Values
date DATE Date of execution -
user LINK User that executed the command. Can be null if internal user has been used -
operation BYTE Type of operation 0=READ, 1=UPDATE, 2=DELETE, 3=CREATE, 4=COMMAND
record LINK Link to the record subject of the log -
note STRING Optional message -
changes MAP Only for UDPATE operation, contains the map of changed fields in the form {"from":<old-value>, "to":<new-value>} -

OrientDB 2.2 Starting in 2.2, the AuditingLog class has changed slightly.

Field Type Description Values
database STRING The name of the database of the logging event. -
date DATE Date of execution -
user STRING The name of the user that executed the command. This type has changed to a String and now supports system users. -
operation BYTE Type of operation 0=READ, 1=UPDATE, 2=DELETE, 3=CREATE, 4=COMMAND
record LINK Link to the record subject of the log. -
note STRING Optional message -
changes MAP Only for UDPATE operation, contains the map of changed fields in the form {"from":<old-value>, "to":<new-value>} -

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