SQL - INSERT

The INSERT command creates a new record in the database. Records can be schema-less or follow rules specified in your model.

Syntax:

INSERT INTO [CLASS:]<class>|CLUSTER:<cluster>|INDEX:<index>
  [(<field>[,]*) VALUES (<expression>[,]*)[,]*]|
  [SET <field> = <expression>|<sub-command>[,]*]|
  [CONTENT {<JSON>}]
  [RETURN <expression>] 
  [FROM <query>]
  • CONTENT Defines JSON data as an option to set field values.
  • RETURN Defines an expression to return instead of the number of inserted records. You can use any valid SQL expression. The most common use-cases,
    • @rid Returns the Record ID of the new record.
    • @this Returns the entire new record.
  • FROM Defines where you want to insert the result-set. Introduced in version 1.7.

Examples:

  • Inserts a new record with the name Jay and surname Miner.

    As an example, in the SQL-92 standard, such as with a Relational database, you might use:

    orientdb> INSERT INTO Profile (name, surname) 
              VALUES ('Jay', 'Miner')
    

    Alternatively, in the OrientDB abbreviated syntax, the query would be written as,

    orientdb> INSERT INTO Profile SET name = 'Jay', surname = 'Miner'
    

    In JSON content syntax, it would be written as this,

    orientdb> INSERT INTO Profile CONTENT {"name": "Jay", "surname": "Miner"}
    
  • Insert a new record of the class Profile, but in a different cluster from the default.

    In SQL-92 syntax:

    orientdb> INSERT INTO Profile CLUSTER profile_recent (name, surname) VALUES 
              ('Jay', 'Miner')
    

    Alternative, in the OrientDB abbreviated syntax:

    orientdb> INSERT INTO Profile CLUSTER profile_recent SET name = 'Jay', 
              surname = 'Miner'
    
  • Insert several records at the same time:

    orientdb> INSERT INTO Profile(name, surname) VALUES ('Jay', 'Miner'), 
              ('Frank', 'Hermier'), ('Emily', 'Sout')
    
  • Insert a new record, adding a relationship.

    In SQL-93 syntax:

    orientdb> INSERT INTO Employee (name, boss) VALUES ('jack', #11:09)
    

    In the OrientDB abbreviated syntax:

    orientdb> INSERT INTO Employee SET name = 'jack', boss = #11:99
    
  • Insert a new record, add a collection of relationships.

    In SQL-93 syntax:

    orientdb> INSERT INTO Profile (name, friends) VALUES ('Luca', [#10:3, #10:4])
    

    In the OrientDB abbreviated syntax:

    orientdb> INSERT INTO Profiles SET name = 'Luca', friends = [#10:3, #10:4]
    
  • Inserts using SELECT sub-queries

    orientdb> INSERT INTO Diver SET name = 'Luca', buddy = (SELECT FROM Diver 
              WHERE name = 'Marko')
    
  • Inserts using INSERT sub-queries:

    orientdb> INSERT INTO Diver SET name = 'Luca', buddy = (INSERT INTO Diver 
              SET name = 'Marko')
    
  • Inserting into a different cluster:

    orientdb> INSERT INTO CLUSTER:asiaemployee (name) VALUES ('Matthew')
    

    However, note that the document has no assigned class. To create a document of a certain class, but in a different cluster than the default, instead use:

    orientdb> INSERT INTO CLUSTER:asiaemployee (@class, content) VALUES 
              ('Employee', 'Matthew')
    

    That inserts the document of the class Employee into the cluster asiaemployee.

  • Insert a new record, adding it as an embedded document:

    orientdb> INSERT INTO Profile (name, address) VALUES ('Luca', { "@type": "d", 
              "street": "Melrose Avenue", "@version": 0 })
    
  • Insert from a query.

    To copy records from another class, use:

    orientdb> INSERT INTO GermanyClient FROM SELECT FROM Client WHERE 
              country = 'Germany'
    

    This inserts all the records from the class Client where the country is Germany, in the class GermanyClient.

    To copy records from one class into another, while adding a field:

    orientdb> INSERT INTO GermanyClient FROM SELECT *, true AS copied FROM Client 
              WHERE country = 'Germany'
    

    This inserts all records from the class Client where the country is Germany into the class GermanClient, with the addition field copied to the value true.

For more information on SQL, see SQL commands.

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