OrientDB is available in two editions:
Enterprise Edition is commercial software built on top of the Community Edition. Enterprise is developed by the same team that developed the OrientDB engine. It serves as an extension of the Community Edition, providing Enterprise features, such as:
- Non-Stop Backup and Restore
- Scheduled FULL and Incremental Backups
- Query Profiler
- Distributed Clustering configuration
- Metrics Recording
- Live Monitoring with configurable Alerts
The Community Edition is available as a binary package for download or as source code on GitHub. The Enterprise Edition license is included with Support purchases.
If you have Docker installed in your computer, this is the easiest way to run OrientDB. From the command line type:
$ docker run -d --name orientdb -p 2424:2424 -p 2480:2480 \ -e ORIENTDB_ROOT_PASSWORD=root orientdb:latest
Where instead of "root", type the root's password you want to use.
If you manage your servers through Ansible, you can use the following role : https://galaxy.ansible.com/migibert/orientdb which is highly customizable and allows you to deploy OrientDB as a standalone instance or multiple clusterized instances.
For using it, you can follow these steps :
Install the role
ansible-galaxy install migibert.orientdb
Create an Ansible inventory
Assuming you have one two servers with respective IPs fixed at 192.168.10.5 and 192.168.10.6, using ubuntu user.
[orientdb-servers] 192.168.20.5 ansible_ssh_user=ubuntu 192.168.20.6 ansible_ssh_user=ubuntu
Create an Ansible playbook
In this example, we provision a two node cluster using multicast discovery mode. Please note that this playbook assumes java is already installed on the machine so you should have one step before that install Java 8 on the servers
- hosts: orientdb-servers become: yes vars: orientdb_version: 2.0.5 orientdb_enable_distributed: true orientdb_distributed: hazelcast_network_port: 2434 hazelcast_group: orientdb hazelcast_password: orientdb multicast_enabled: True multicast_group: 126.96.36.199 multicast_port: 2434 tcp_enabled: False tcp_members:  orientdb_users: - name: root password: root tasks: - apt: name: openjdk-8-jdk state: present roles: - role: orientdb-role
Run the playbook
ansible-playbook -i inventory playbook.yml
Both editions of OrientDB run on any operating system that implements the Java Virtual machine (JVM). Examples of these include:
- Linux, all distributions, including ARM (Raspberry Pi, etc.)
- Mac OS X
- Microsoft Windows, from 95/NT and later
- IBM AIX
OrientDB requires Java, version 1.7 or higher.
Note: In OSGi containers, OrientDB uses a
ConcurrentLinkedHashMapimplementation provided by concurrentlinkedhashmap to create the LRU based cache. This library actively uses the sun.misc package which is usually not exposed as a system package. To overcome this limitation you should add property
sun.miscto your list of framework properties.
It may be as simple as passing an argument to the VM starting the platform:
$ java -Dorg.osgi.framework.system.packages.extra=sun.misc
OrientDB provides a pre-compiled binary package to install the database on your system. Depending on your operating system, this is a tarred or zipped package that contains all the relevant files you need to run OrientDB. For desktop installations, go to OrientDB Downloads and select the package that best suits your system.
On server installations, you can use the
$ wget https://s3.us-east-2.amazonaws.com/orientdb3/releases/2.2.37/orientdb-community-2.2.37.zip -O orientdb-community-2.2.37.zip
Whether you use your web browser or
wget, unzip or extract the downloaded file into a directory convenient for your use, (for example,
/opt/orientdb/ on Linux). This creates a directory called orientdb-community-2.2.37 with relevant files and scripts, which you will need to run OrientDB on your system.
In addition to downloading the binary packages, you also have the option of compiling OrientDB from the Community Edition source code, available on GitHub. This process requires that you install Git and Apache Maven on your system.
To compile OrientDB from source code, clone the Community Edition repository, then run Maven (
mvn) in the newly created directory:
$ git clone https://github.com/orientechnologies/orientdb $ git checkout develop $ cd orientdb $ mvn clean install
It is possible to skip tests:
$ mvn clean install -DskipTests
The develop branch contains code for the next version of OrientDB. Stable versions are tagged on master branch.
For each maintained version OrientDB has its own
As the time of writing this notes, the state of branches is:
- develop: work in progress for next 3.0.x release (3.0.x-SNAPSHOT)
- 2.2.x: hot fix for next 2.2.x stable release (2.2.x-SNAPSHOT)
- 2.1.x: hot fix for next 2.1.x stable release (2.1.x-SNAPSHOT)
- 2.0.x: hot fix for next 2.0.x stable release (2.0.x-SNAPSHOT)
- last tag on master is 2.2.0
The build process installs all jars in the local maven repository and creates archives under the
distribution module inside the
target directory. At the time of writing, building from branch 2.1.x gave:
$ls -l distribution/target/ total 199920 1088 26 Jan 09:57 archive-tmp 102 26 Jan 09:57 databases 102 26 Jan 09:57 orientdb-community-2.2.1-SNAPSHOT.dir 48814386 26 Jan 09:57 orientdb-community-2.2.1-SNAPSHOT.tar.gz 53542231 26 Jan 09:58 orientdb-community-2.2.1-SNAPSHOT.zip $
orientdb-community-2.2.1-SNAPSHOT.dir contains the OrientDB distribution uncompressed.
Take a look to Contribute to OrientDB if you want to be involved.
For Linux, Mac OS X and UNIX-based operating system, you need to change the permissions on some of the files after compiling from source.
$ chmod 755 bin/*.sh $ chmod -R 777 config
These commands update the execute permissions on files in the
config/ directory and shell scripts in
bin/, ensuring that you can run the scripts or programs that you've compiled.
For desktop users installing the binary, OrientDB is now installed and can be run through shell scripts found in the package
bin directory of the installation. For servers, there are some additional steps that you need to take in order to manage the database server for OrientDB as a service. The procedure for this varies, depending on your operating system.
When the time comes to upgrade to a newer version of OrientDB, the methods vary depending on how you chose to install it in the first place. If you installed from binary downloads, repeat the download process above and update any symbolic links or shortcuts to point to the new directory.
For systems where OrientDB was built from source, pull down the latest source code and compile from source.
$ git pull origin master $ mvn clean install
Bear in mind that when you build from source, you can switch branches to build different versions of OrientDB using Git. For example,
$ git checkout 2.2.x $ mvn clean install
2.2.x branch, instead of
OrientDB for internal components like engines, operators, factories uses Java SPI Service Provider Interface. That means that the jars of OrientDB are shipped with files in
META-INF/services that contains the implementation of components. Bear in mind that when building a single executable jar, you have to concatenate the content of files with the same name in different orientdb-*.jar . If you are using Maven Shade Plugin you can use Service Resource Transformer to do that.
To learn more about how to install OrientDB on specific environments, please refer to the guides below: